Petroleum Geology

Short term for oil exploration and research in the oil and gas sector.



Coal Seam Gas: An Unconventional Alternative? Coal Seam Gas: An Unconventional Alternative? Coal Seam Gas: An Unconventional Alternative? Coal Seam Gas: An Unconventional Alternative?


Coal seam gas (CSG), also known as coal bed methane (CBM), coal mine methane (CMM) or coal bed gas, is an unconventional form of natural...

Gas Hydrates: Untapped Fossil Energy Gas Hydrates: Untapped Fossil Energy Gas Hydrates: Untapped Fossil Energy Gas Hydrates: Untapped Fossil Energy


This article discusses the emerging alternate source of energy called gas hydrates, which are composed of water and methane. The...

Earth Matters in Oil and Gas Earth Matters in Oil and Gas Earth Matters in Oil and Gas Earth Matters in Oil and Gas


The earth is the source of oil reserves. A deep understanding of the earth and its formations are needed to assess the presence of...

All You Need To Know About Tight Gas All You Need To Know About Tight Gas All You Need To Know About Tight Gas All You Need To Know About Tight Gas


Tight gas refers to natural gas reservoirs embedded in extremely impermeable hard rock, making the underground formation extremely tight....

Seismic Mapping: Technology that has Changed Oil Production Surveys Seismic Mapping: Technology that has Changed Oil Production Surveys Seismic Mapping: Technology that has Changed Oil Production Surveys Seismic Mapping: Technology that has Changed Oil Production Surveys


When it comes to mapping the physical properties of both the onshore and offshore sub-surface formations, the uncertainties and...

The Significance of Porosity to Original Hydrocarbon in Place The Significance of Porosity to Original Hydrocarbon in Place The Significance of Porosity to Original Hydrocarbon in Place The Significance of Porosity to Original Hydrocarbon in Place


After a successful hydrocarbon discovery, the decision to complete or not will rest on how commercial the discovery is. To determine this...

Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold


Oil sands are a potential source of hydrocarbon based products such as heavy crude oil, heavy bituminous base oil, etc. Oil sands are a...

Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities


Government regulations are stringent on well spacing, as the key objective of well spacing is to achieve maximum individual well...

Dry Hole Explained in 6 Common Questions and Answers Dry Hole Explained in 6 Common Questions and Answers Dry Hole Explained in 6 Common Questions and Answers Dry Hole Explained in 6 Common Questions and Answers


A dry hole is a term used to refer to any well that does not contain oil or natural gas in quantities sufficient enough to pay for the cost...

How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle


Rocks are constantly being changed from one igneous to sedimentary to metamorphic. The oil and gas industry is most concerned with...

Grasping the Concept of Rock Permeability Grasping the Concept of Rock Permeability Grasping the Concept of Rock Permeability Grasping the Concept of Rock Permeability


In this friendly introduction to the concept of rock permeability, we discover how tiny pores within the rock allow fluids such as oil,...

Oil well hydraulic fracturing fracking rig in a field. Oil well hydraulic fracturing fracking rig in a field. Oil well hydraulic fracturing fracking rig in a field. Oil well hydraulic fracturing fracking rig in a field.


Fracking is projected as a menace despite proving its worth as an excellent drilling technique to increase shale production. In this...

Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal


After striking oil and/or gas in an exploratory drilling, the field appraisal answers questions including how big the reservoir is and if...

Artificial Lift: When is it Needed? Artificial Lift: When is it Needed? Artificial Lift: When is it Needed? Artificial Lift: When is it Needed?


No matter how much initial energy the reservoir has, there will come a point where the reservoir pressure drops to where the well dies....

Sweet vs. Sour Crude - Production and Processing Sweet vs. Sour Crude - Production and Processing Sweet vs. Sour Crude - Production and Processing Sweet vs. Sour Crude - Production and Processing


Crude characteristics play an important role in refining operations. They decide the type of refinery configurations required for...

Three Types of Oil Reservoirs Three Types of Oil Reservoirs Three Types of Oil Reservoirs Three Types of Oil Reservoirs


Understanding the kind of oil reservoir we are dealing with helps us make the best decisions to efficiently produce the hydrocarbons in the...

The Significance of Biogenic and Thermogenic Gases in the Energy Space The Significance of Biogenic and Thermogenic Gases in the Energy Space The Significance of Biogenic and Thermogenic Gases in the Energy Space The Significance of Biogenic and Thermogenic Gases in the Energy Space


Thermogenic gases are part of the conventional gases and have major role in meeting the energy needs of the world.

Understanding Reservoir Drive Mechanisms Understanding Reservoir Drive Mechanisms Understanding Reservoir Drive Mechanisms Understanding Reservoir Drive Mechanisms


Any method of recovery must recognize the rock and fluid properties and available drive mechanisms present in the reservoir. As we search...