Upstream

Upstream is a short term for Exploration and Production sector.



The Significance of Porosity to Original Hydrocarbon in Place The Significance of Porosity to Original Hydrocarbon in Place The Significance of Porosity to Original Hydrocarbon in Place The Significance of Porosity to Original Hydrocarbon in Place


After a successful hydrocarbon discovery, the decision to complete or not will rest on how commercial the discovery is. To determine this...

The Different Ways of Perforating a Well The Different Ways of Perforating a Well The Different Ways of Perforating a Well The Different Ways of Perforating a Well


Well perforation is a critical aspect of well completions. They provide a path of communication between the reservoir and the wellbore as...

Grasping the Concept of Rock Permeability Grasping the Concept of Rock Permeability Grasping the Concept of Rock Permeability Grasping the Concept of Rock Permeability


In this friendly introduction to the concept of rock permeability, we discover how tiny pores within the rock allow fluids such as oil,...

Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal


After striking oil and/or gas in an exploratory drilling, the field appraisal answers questions including how big the reservoir is and if...

The Truth about the Drilling Break The Truth about the Drilling Break The Truth about the Drilling Break The Truth about the Drilling Break


Every so often, drillers encounter a sudden increase in the rate of penetration. This is referred to as a drilling break. The actions taken...

The Lowdown on Oil and Gas Lease Contracts The Lowdown on Oil and Gas Lease Contracts The Lowdown on Oil and Gas Lease Contracts The Lowdown on Oil and Gas Lease Contracts


Oil and gas lease contracts are the start of any exploration, development or production from any potential oil and gas field. The contract...

How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle


Rocks are constantly being changed from one igneous to sedimentary to metamorphic. The oil and gas industry is most concerned with...

Artificial Lift: When is it Needed? Artificial Lift: When is it Needed? Artificial Lift: When is it Needed? Artificial Lift: When is it Needed?


No matter how much initial energy the reservoir has, there will come a point where the reservoir pressure drops to where the well dies....

Seismic Mapping: Technology that has Changed Oil Production Surveys Seismic Mapping: Technology that has Changed Oil Production Surveys Seismic Mapping: Technology that has Changed Oil Production Surveys Seismic Mapping: Technology that has Changed Oil Production Surveys


When it comes to mapping the physical properties of both the onshore and offshore sub-surface formations, the uncertainties and...

Dry Hole Explained in 6 Common Questions and Answers Dry Hole Explained in 6 Common Questions and Answers Dry Hole Explained in 6 Common Questions and Answers Dry Hole Explained in 6 Common Questions and Answers


A dry hole is a term used to refer to any well that does not contain oil or natural gas in quantities sufficient enough to pay for the cost...

The Numerous Functions of the Drilling Fluid The Numerous Functions of the Drilling Fluid The Numerous Functions of the Drilling Fluid The Numerous Functions of the Drilling Fluid


The drilling fluid faces a risk of contamination each time it embarks on its journey downhole. All these tend to change the properties of...

Coiled Tubing: The Ultimate Solution Coiled Tubing: The Ultimate Solution Coiled Tubing: The Ultimate Solution Coiled Tubing: The Ultimate Solution


Coiled tubing, a continuous length of small diameter steel pipe with a diameter of about 0.75 to 4.5 inches, is coiled or spun in a reel...

Oil well hydraulic fracturing fracking rig in a field. Oil well hydraulic fracturing fracking rig in a field. Oil well hydraulic fracturing fracking rig in a field. Oil well hydraulic fracturing fracking rig in a field.


Fracking is projected as a menace despite proving its worth as an excellent drilling technique to increase shale production. In this...

Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities


Government regulations are stringent on well spacing, as the key objective of well spacing is to achieve maximum individual well...

Sweet vs. Sour Crude - Production and Processing Sweet vs. Sour Crude - Production and Processing Sweet vs. Sour Crude - Production and Processing Sweet vs. Sour Crude - Production and Processing


Crude characteristics play an important role in refining operations. They decide the type of refinery configurations required for...

Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold


Oil sands are a potential source of hydrocarbon based products such as heavy crude oil, heavy bituminous base oil, etc. Oil sands are a...

FCCU: A Real Value Add To Refineries FCCU: A Real Value Add To Refineries FCCU: A Real Value Add To Refineries FCCU: A Real Value Add To Refineries


FCCU is the resultant technological upgrade from the basic catalytic process that was first developed during the 1920s. This process was...

All You Need To Know About Tight Gas All You Need To Know About Tight Gas All You Need To Know About Tight Gas All You Need To Know About Tight Gas


Tight gas refers to natural gas reservoirs embedded in extremely impermeable hard rock, making the underground formation extremely tight....

Cyber Security Practices in the Oil and Gas Industry Cyber Security Practices in the Oil and Gas Industry Cyber Security Practices in the Oil and Gas Industry Cyber Security Practices in the Oil and Gas Industry


The oil and gas industry is facing complex challenges on various fronts. Cyber security is a key concern in the oil and gas industry.