Exploration and Production


The Truth about the Drilling Break The Truth about the Drilling Break The Truth about the Drilling Break The Truth about the Drilling Break


What is a drilling break?Another name for a drilling break is a drilling jump. When drilling any well, the rate of penetration tells the...

The lowdown on Oil and Gas Lease Contracts The lowdown on Oil and Gas Lease Contracts The lowdown on Oil and Gas Lease Contracts The lowdown on Oil and Gas Lease Contracts


IntroductionWhen a land is suspected to contain hydrocarbons, international oil companies (IOCs) who have interest in this area of land...

How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle


What are Rocks? To understand what rocks are, let’s break it down to basics. Atoms make up elements, elements make up minerals and...

Artificial lift: When is it needed? Artificial lift: When is it needed? Artificial lift: When is it needed? Artificial lift: When is it needed?


A well is said to be dead when it stops flowing. A well can die even when it still contains hydrocarbons in commercial quantities....

Coiled Tubing: The Ultimate Solution Coiled Tubing: The Ultimate Solution Coiled Tubing: The Ultimate Solution Coiled Tubing: The Ultimate Solution


Coiled tubing, a continuous length of small diameter steel pipe with a diameter of about 0.75 to 4.5 inches, is coiled or spun in a reel...

Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities


Government regulations are stringent on well spacing, as the key objective of well spacing is to achieve maximum individual well...

Sweet Vs Sour Crude - Production and Processing Sweet Vs Sour Crude - Production and Processing Sweet Vs Sour Crude - Production and Processing Sweet Vs Sour Crude - Production and Processing


Crude characteristics play an important role in refining operations. They decide the type of refinery configurations required for...

Oil Sands An emerging Black Gold Oil Sands An emerging Black Gold Oil Sands An emerging Black Gold Oil Sands An emerging Black Gold


Oil sands, a bituminous mixture are a potential source of hydrocarbon base products such as heavy crude oil, heavy bituminous base oil, etc...

The Challenges Of Shipping and Distributing Liquefied Natural Gas The Challenges Of Shipping and Distributing Liquefied Natural Gas The Challenges Of Shipping and Distributing Liquefied Natural Gas The Challenges Of Shipping and Distributing Liquefied Natural Gas


LNG is a liquid form of natural gas. It is converted into liquid form by cooling it below minus 163 degrees Celsius. It is a green fuel of...

Mobile Offshore Production Units vs. Floating Production Storage and Offloading Units: What's the Difference? Mobile Offshore Production Units vs. Floating Production Storage and Offloading Units: What's the Difference? Mobile Offshore Production Units vs. Floating Production Storage and Offloading Units: What's the Difference? Mobile Offshore Production Units vs. Floating Production Storage and Offloading Units: What's the Difference?


Drilling is broadly classified into two categories namely onshore and offshore drilling