Definition - What does Transboundary Pollution mean?
Transboundary Pollution is a situation whereby the consequences of pollution that occurs in one country are faced in the neighboring countries. This happens when the pollution crosses the country borders via rivers, lakes or air. The substances that are released in the event the pollution occurs are harmful and may have poisonous effects to the environment, human beings and living organisms.
Petropedia explains Transboundary Pollution
Pollution can be transported across thousands of kilometers using pathways such as air and water. Once pollution crosses the jurisdictional limit of one country into another, it is known as transboundary pollution. In such scenarios, the actual pollution happens in one country, but its adverse effects are felt in the neighboring countries. The perfect example of transboundary pollution is ”acid rain” where the pollutants can travel anywhere across the country or into another country and pour down in form of acid rain.
This can cause damages to buildings, oil and gas infrastructure damage, damage to steel storage tanks, vessels, increase in soil acidity which can cause corrosion to underground steel pipelines, etc.