Definition - What does Tank Truck mean?
A tank truck is a motor vehicle designed specifically to transport Crude Oil, Liquefied Natural Gas and refined Petroleum Products from one place to another via road. Tank trucks are commonly known by different names such as “Tanker Truck” or “Petroleum Tanker”. They are used on routes which are not connected by pipelines or by railroad. These vehicles are also used to transport fuels as well as toxic or non-toxic chemicals. Hazardous materials are usually transported via tank trucks hence the transporters must adhere to a higher set of regulations and standards.
A tank truck may also be known as a tanker truck, petroleum truck or road tanker.
Petropedia explains Tank Truck
In most cases, tank trucks are used to deliver petroleum products from oil depots to the refueling stations. Depending on the type of fuel they have to carry, these trucks vary from small to large sizes (volume capacities), the tank can be insulated or non-insulated or pressurized or non-pressurized. The storage tank on these trucks is designed and manufactured in such a way that it can carry single or multiple loads in one go. This is achieved by designing internal divisions in the storage tank. The tank trucks having capacities less than 3000 US Gallons are considered to be small tank trucks whereas the tank trucks having capacities larger than 3000 US Gallons and less than 11,500 US Gallons are considered to be large tank trucks.
Tank trucks that are used to transport liquefied natural gas (LNG) need to be kept at cryogenic temperature (-150 Degree Celsius) and thus they are called cryogenic tankers.