Solids Removal Equipment

Definition - What does Solids Removal Equipment mean?

Solids Removal Equipment is the equipment used at drilling sites in order to control the solid waste obtained during the drilling activities such as shale debris, rock granules and mud. The equipment crushes the solid and bigger shale pieces with the help of drill bits into small powdery mud which can be dumped or used for drilling operations. The equipment falls under the category of Solids Control policy of an E&P organization at the drilling site. When unwanted solids are efficiently removed from the circulation system, the fluids (crude oil, water, natural gas condensates) in the wells are free of impurities.

Petropedia explains Solids Removal Equipment

Solids Removal Equipment follows proper Solids Control techniques. It is helpful in reducing the drilling fluid clean up, maintenance cost, and the disposal cost. The following equipment falls in the category of solids removal equipment to handle solid control techniques.

  • Shale shaker - It is used to separate big solids.
  • Desilter – It is used to segregate the solid rock pieces.
  • Desander – It separates sand and silt from drilling fluids.
  • Vacuum degasser – It is used to separate air when air enters the drilling fluids. When the fluids are air free, the degasser can be used as a big agitator.
  • Mud Tank – The mud tank holds the mud obtained after solid removal. This mud is pumped back to the wellbore.
The desilter and desander can be combined to form one high efficiency mud cleaner. All these stages are carried out on the top of the mud tank. After solids are separated, the clean mud is stored in the mud tank and again pumped into the wellbore.
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