Definition - What does Oxidizing Agent mean?
Oxidizing Agent, also known as an oxidizer or an oxidant, is a chemical compound that helps in transferring oxygen atoms. It is also defined as a substance that gains electrons during a redox type chemical reaction. A redox chemical reaction is an oxidation reduction reaction. The process of oxidation has wide range of applications hence oxidizing agents have acquired many meanings. An oxidizing agent is used in chemical synthesis, explosives and corrosion.
Petropedia explains Oxidizing Agent
Oxidizing agents that transfer oxygen atoms to a substrate are called oxygenation reagent or OAT agent (Oxygen Atom Transfer Agent). Oxidizing agents are also known as electron acceptor and the electron donor is the reducing agent. Some of the common oxidizing agents that transfer oxygen atoms are:
- Oxygen and ozone
- Hydrogen peroxide and other types of inorganic peroxides
- Halogens such as fluorine and chlorine
- Nitric acid and nitrate compounds
- Sulfuric acid, peroxydisulfuric acid and peroxymonosulfuric acid
- Analogous halogen compounds such as chlorite, perchlorate and chlorate.
- Hypochlorite and sodium perborate
- Nitrous oxide and potassium nitrate.