Single Anchor Leg Mooring (SALM)
Definition - What does Single Anchor Leg Mooring (SALM) mean?
Single Anchor Leg Mooring is a facility designed to avoid collision damage to the swivels and handle the issues of offshore petroleum discharge systems. When it is installed it allows the tanker to stay at its position and pump in higher sea states with a spread moor. The main components of the system are buoy body, tubular column, flexible pipe, base and universal joint. However, if any damage occurs it only affects the surface buoy that is relatively cheap and easy to repair.
Petropedia explains Single Anchor Leg Mooring (SALM)
The Single Anchor Leg Mooring was developed after an extensive research program. The mooring buoy is one of the parts that distinguish it from the rest of the mooring systems. It is employed in tanker vessels for discharging and loading terminals with the help of fluid transfer circuits. During the development phase of Single Anchor Leg Mooring, it is ensured that all the components possess elasticity so as to cover a broad range of water depths. Moreover, it enables to carry forward cargo transfer operations under sea-state and adverse weather conditions.