Definition - What does Refining Catalyst mean?
Refining catalyst is a substance that aids in the conversion of petroleum refinery naphthas into high-octane liquid products. The end products of the process are also called reformats. Besides, it also converts low octane hydrocarbons into cyclic naphthalenes and other branched alkanes. Then, these are again dehydrogenated to produce aromatic hydrocarbons with high octane number. Refining catalyst produces high valued elements that are used in petrochemicals, diesel, and gasoline.
Petropedia explains Refining Catalyst
Refining Catalysts contain platinum as the catalyst to make universal oil products. It is used to produce a large majority of gasoline products through the process. The processes use methanol to produce hydrogen for the fuel cells. Moreover, the reformates are the end products that are valuable blending stocks for high octane gasoline. Additionally, the reformate is the chief source of aromatic bulk chemicals like toluene, xylene, and benzene. Besides, the derivable benzene content makes the reformate carcinogenic thus further processing is done to minimize the benzene content.