Power Rod Tongs
Definition - What does Power Rod Tongs mean?
Power Rod Tongs are self-locking, large-capacity power tongs used to grip the drill string components and apply torque. The tongs should be used by a plumber in opposing pairs with opposing pipe wrenches. To improve the efficiency, one set of the tongs is tied off with a chain or a cable to the derrick and another set is pulled actively with mechanical catheads. Power Rod Tongs are either hydraulically or pneumatically operated tools.
Petropedia explains Power Rod Tongs
Power Rod Tongs are capable of spinning pipes up or down and at times they can apply the final make-up torque. There are various types of Power Rod Tongs that can be used according to their specific use:
- Drill Pipe Tongs: These are used to reduce the drill time and lower costs. They are designed for safe and quick make-up and break-out drill pipes and drill collars.
- Casing Tongs: Casing power tongs are used to make or break casing tubular placed in the drill hole in order to maintain the opening of the well. Once the casing is installed, the tubing is inserted inside the casing from the opening well at the top toward the formation at the bottom. The hydrocarbons that are extracted run up this tubing to the surface. The benefit of these automated casing running and tubular handling systems was leveraged by many other innovations.
- Tubing Tongs: Tubing Tongs provide reliable performance even at a higher torque essential to break premium connections. These are coupled with two-speed great train that assures reliability and minimal maintenance along with quick operator turn-out.