Definition - What does Petrochemical mean?

Petrochemical is a chemical derivative of petroleum and is divided into two classes, namely olefins and aromatics. Olefins are produced from oil refineries whereas aromatics are acquired from fluid catalytic cracking. It is used to manufacture a number of products that are used on daily basis. Almost every item, from electrical goods to oil-based products is made up of Petrochemicals. Besides, it is a key element for keeping the raw materials safe. It depicts many major hydrocarbon sources such as methane, ethane, benzene, and gas.

Petropedia explains Petrochemical

Petrochemistry is a branch of chemistry that is concerned with natural gas and petroleum and its study can be applied to variant human needs including medicines, health, hygiene and various food products. Chemicals that are derived from natural gas and petroleum are referred to as Petrochemicals. The Petrochemical industry relies on the derived chemicals as oil is the major component of the chemical industry. Ethane, propane, butane and other hydrocarbon fuels are an essential part in the feedstock.

Some applications of Petrochemicals are:

  • They are used as fertilizers.
  • They are used as food additives to enhance the tenure of freshness.
  • They are used as detergents.
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