Ocean Dumping Act

Definition - What does Ocean Dumping Act mean?

The Ocean Dumping Act is an environmental law which was enacted by the US congress to restrict dumping of materials into the ocean which would degrade and risk marine environment and human health. The act has two major aims, i.e., to authorize related research and to regulate the intentional disposal of the materials in the ocean. The act has authorized the EPA to regulate the disposition of materials including biological agents, sewage sludge, radioactive agents, industrial wastes, garbage, nuclear wastes, laboratory wastes and chemical wastes into territorial waters through permit program. The act also has a plan related to monitoring the coastal water quality, creating marine sanctuaries and conducting the research of ocean disposal.

Petropedia explains Ocean Dumping Act

The Ocean Dumping Act controls dumping of materials into ocean to prevent the environment, ecological systems, amenities, human health, economic potentialities and marine environment. The disposal of chemical, biological and highly radioactive wastes is completely banned. A permit is required to be issued before ocean dumping by the Ocean Dumping Act. The violation of the permit requirement or permit carries a civil penalty assessed by EPA. Fines are also assessed for dumping medical wastes into the ocean. The act also allows people to bring citizen suit against any person in the district court for violating permit or other limitation, criterion and prohibition issued under the act.

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