Definition - What does Petroleum Engineering mean?
Petroleum Engineering is a branch of engineering which is concerned with the activities corresponding to hydrocarbon production such as natural gas and crude oil. The process of exploration and production falls in the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry. Petroleum engineers help in locating the natural reservoirs of the petroleum deposits. The petroleum engineers along with geologists establish ways in which reservoirs are developed and then depleted and have the greatest impact on the field economics.
Petropedia explains Petroleum Engineering
Petroleum Engineering includes a thorough knowledge of various other disciplines which include petroleum geology, geophysics, drilling, reservoir simulation, well logging, well engineering, gas and oil facilities engineering, reservoir engineering, artificial lift systems and completions. It is one of the best and highest paid engineering disciplines; however, there is also a tendency of mass layoffs at the time when there is a decline in oil prices. The petroleum engineers are divided into:
- Drilling Engineers – They manage technical aspects of the production, injection wells and drilling exploratory.
- Reservoir Engineers – They optimize the gas and oil production through production rates, well placements and improved techniques of oil recovery.
- Production Engineers – They manage the interface between the well and the reservoir including the control of the downhole flow, sand control, perforations, selecting various surface equipment that are used to separate the produced fluids and evaluating the methods of artificial lifting.