Nitrogen

Definition - What does Nitrogen mean?

Nitrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 7 and symbol N. At room temperature, the element is odorless diatomic gas which is transparent. It is a common element found in the universe which is estimated at around seventh in the total affluence in the Solar System and Milky Way. Various industrial compounds such as nitric acid, cyanides, ammonia and the organic nitrates consist of Nitrogen. The element contains very strong triple bond that dominates Nitrogen chemistry which causes difficulty for both industry and organisms in converting Nitrogen into some useful compounds.

Petropedia explains Nitrogen

Nitrogen compounds are mostly used as energy stores and fertilizers. Nitrogen is a combination of the organic compounds distinct as cyanoacrylate super glue and Kevlar fabric. It contains molecules in all major pharmacological drug classes that include antibiotics. Many drugs are prodrugs or mimics of the natural signal molecules containing Nitrogen, for instance, nitroprusside and organic nitrates nitroglycerin. It occurs in all the organisms generally in the amino acids in energy transfer molecules and nucleic acids.

The natural nitrite and nitrate proportions are radically changed by humans due to the application of manure that contains nitrate. It is extensively emitted by the industrial companies that are increasing the nitrite and nitrate supplies in water and soil as a result of reactions which occur in the nitrogen cycle.

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