Definition - What does Neutron Radiation mean?
Neutron Radiation is a type of ionizing radiation that consists of free neutrons. It releases various neutrons from the atoms as a result of nuclear fusion and fission. These neutrons react with the nuclei of other atoms to create new isotopes that can produce radiation in turn. The radiations are able to travel several hundreds and thousands of meters in the air and get stopped if blocked by any hydrogen-rich material like water or concrete. These are the only kind of radiations that are capable of turning other materials into radioactive materials.
Petropedia explains Neutron Radiation
High energy Neutron Radiations can degrade or damage materials over time. Collision cascades can be created due to the bombardment of materials and neutrons which can produce dislocations and point defects in the materials. Collision cascades are the primary drivers behind the micro-structural changes that occur in the materials which are exposed to radiations. The radiation damages occur on materials as an output of the interaction of the energetic incident particles with the lattice atoms in the material. The collision results in the massive transfer of the kinetic energy to lattice atoms that displace from the lattice site and become primary knock-on atoms.