Definition - What does Monsoon mean?

Monsoon is defined as a seasonal dominant wind or a wind system that causes climatic changes usually accompanied by heavy rainfall. Although this seasonal reversing wind comes with precipitation, it is mostly responsible for the precipitation and atmospheric changes that are followed by the heating of sea and land. In general terms, Monsoon is referred to as a heavy rainfall season which occurs in the Asia, Australia and West Africa. The Monsoon season can have heavy, less or no rainfall at all, which depends on the strength of the Monsoon system.

Petropedia explains Monsoon

Monsoon is a complex seasonal change that brings a climatic difference in the Asia region. While most of the countries describe heavy rainfall as Monsoon, the actual Monsoon is only experienced in Asian countries like India, China and Pakistan to name a few. The sea breeze during the warmer month stays at a lower temperature as compared to the temperature on land. This causes low pressure to develop over the land and high pressure over the sea. The pressure difference thus causes the sea breeze to carry moisture from the ocean to the land. When the moist air is over the land, it rises above and cools. The cooling causes the Monsoon rains because of the air's inability to hold the water.

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