Methyl Tertiary ButyI Ether (MTBE)

Definition - What does Methyl Tertiary ButyI Ether (MTBE) mean?

Methyl Tertiary ButyI Ether is an organic compound which is a flammable, colorless and volatile liquid with sparingly soluble properties in water. It has a minty odor that leads to an unpleasant odor and taste when in water. It is a kind of gasoline and is used to increase the octane number in the form of oxygenate. Exposure to the liquid may occur by breathing in air that is contaminated with gasoline fuels and auto exhaust while refueling autos resulting in dizziness, respiratory irritation and disorientation. It is derived from natural gas and fossil fuels.

Petropedia explains Methyl Tertiary ButyI Ether (MTBE)

Methyl Tertiary ButyI Ether is used exclusively as a component in fuel for gasoline engines. It is used as an anti-knocking agent in the gasoline at low levels to replace the tetraethyl lead and increase the octane ratings to prevent the engine from knocking. It is also used as a solvent to reduce the impulse to create explosive organic peroxides.

Short term exposure to Methyl Tertiary ButyI Ether can occur while using it as a medical treatment for dissolving cholesterol gallstones. A long term exposure may lead to respiratory irritation, central nervous system effects, decreased body weight, and kidney and liver effects.

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