Definition - What does Meter Station mean?
A Meter Station is a pipeline station designed for the continuous and simultaneous analysis of the quantity and quality of the natural gas being transported in the pipeline. The Meter Station has a system which contains a computer workstation, multipath ultrasonic flow meter, and a processed gas chromatograph that are prewired, installed and pre-piped in the special shelter that is air-conditioned with all ancillary utilities and equipment. Every Meter Station is used to branch off the pipeline, meter the gas and reduce pressure. To perform these functions, a Meter Station should have heaters, filters, pressure regulators and reducers and also liquids for the sides of enclosing pressure vessels.
Petropedia explains Meter Station
A Meter Station provides simultaneous and continuous analysis; for this to happen it must have the following:
- Concentration of sulfur compounds. Mercaptans and hydrogen sulfides are partially present as the natural compounds and are sometimes mixed with gas and other sulfur compounds used as odorants.
- Higher calorific value, i.e., the latent energy content of gases released during combustion. It is a major variable while defining the price.
- Water dew point, i.e., the temperature at which the water is condensed. Water with hydrocarbons favor the generation of solids during the decompression of gases from the high pressure pipelines.
- Hydrocarbon dew point, i.e., the temperature at which the higher hydrocarbons condense.
- Fiscal effects of the natural gas mass and volume flow measurements and calculations.
The Meter Stations allow the pipeline companies to monitor natural gas in the pipes. The stations are used to measure the flow of gases along the pipelines without blocking their movement.