Definition - What does Medical Surveillance mean?
Medical Surveillance is the systematic assessment of the employees who are potentially exposed to occupational risks. It is a fundamental strategy used for the optimization of the employees' health. The purpose for this assessment is to find out and eradicate causes such as hazardous risks or exposures of the discovered trends and then focus on their prevention measures. It contributes to the success of the safety and health programs at the worksite. The assessment also helps to identify the conditions if any before they can cause any adverse effects on the employees' health.
Petropedia explains Medical Surveillance
Medical Surveillance is a fundamental strategy used to systematically assess the employees exposed to the hazards of the task they are performing. This assessment is used to monitor the workers for the harmful effects of health and also determine the efficacy of the exposure prevention strategies. The program includes analysis of individual and also the aggregate surveillance data to reduce and ultimately prevent occupational injuries and illness.
The test results and other medical information generated by these tests are kept confidential between a physician and the employee. The physician is responsible for determining the scope of the tests and informing the supervisor about the recommendations based on the results of the test. The supervisor then discusses them with the employee and the employee is allowed to contact the physician in case of any questions regarding the test results.
- Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)
- Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA)
- National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
- Health, Safety, and Environment
- American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE)
- Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986 (EPCRA)
- Occupational Safety and Health Administration Act (OSHA Act)
- Truck And Shovel Mining
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