Definition - What does Scientific Drilling mean?
Scientific Drilling is a method used to inquire into the Earth to allow scientists to get samples of the crust, sediments, and the upper mantle. The method is not only used to unearth the samples of rock but also to find samples of the subsurface biosphere and connate fluids. The drilling in the sea is carried out by Integrated Ocean Drilling Program and on land by the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program. The method is basically used to get samples from the places where people cannot reach.
Petropedia explains Scientific Drilling
Scientific Drilling is used to tackle a wide range of issues or problems that cannot be tackled by using rocks exposed on the seafloor or on the surface.
The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program works on three major themes:
- Understanding the environmental effect, processes and changes.
- Understanding the geodynamics and cycles of solid Earth.
- Understanding the nature of oceanic sub-seafloor and the deep biosphere.
The International Continental Scientific Drilling Program focuses on scientific drilling to address various questions about the chemistry, physics and history of the biosphere and the Earth.