Definition - What does Pumping Station mean?
A Pumping Station is a facility that helps in the process transporting natural gas from one place to another. When the natural gas is transported through a pipeline, it is required to be pressurized constantly. The compression of gas is done with the help of special motors, turbines and engines. These stations are installed by the pipeline organizations along the pipeline route. The number of pumps and the size of each station vary in every location as they are dependent on the diameter of the pipe and the volume of gas to be moved. The basic components of the station remain similar in every Pumping Station.
Petropedia explains Pumping Station
A Pumping Station comprises of Liquid Separators and Prime Movers.
Liquid Separators: When the pipeline enters into the pumping station, the natural gas is passed through strainers, scrubbers or filter separators. These vessels are designed to remove dirt particles and free liquids from the gas before the gas enters into the pump. If any liquids are produced, they are sorted and collected for sale. The gas is then directed from the separators to a gas compressor for compression.
Prime Movers: These are the engines used to drive the pumps. They are of three types: A turbine or centrifugal compressor is the compression unit used to turn a centrifugal pump with the help of a natural gas fired turbine. Electrical motor is another type of prime motors in which the centrifugal pump or compressor is driven with the help of a high voltage electric motor. The reciprocating is the third type of prime motors that resembles the automobile engines. It has reciprocating pistons that are used to compress the natural gas.