Definition - What does Kerosene mean?

Kerosene is a petroleum product derived through the distillation of crude oil in oil refineries. It is commonly known as "lamp oil" because it was the fuel which was widely used for burning oil lamps to produce light when electric bulbs had not yet been discovered. These days kerosene is widely used in the aviation industry as a jet fuel in powering jet engines. Kerosene is also used as a cooking and lighting fuel, and as a solvent in insecticide sprays.

Petropedia explains Kerosene

Kerosene is produced when the crude oil is fed into oil refineries for distillation into various refinery cuts also called refinery yields or refined products. Refineries house a large number of chemical engineering unit processes which are useful in converting raw crude oil into useful and valuable petroleum products. The following are some of the petroleum products obtained when crude oil is fed into a crude distillation unit (CDU), the very first processing unit of a refinery:

  • LPG
  • Naphtha
  • Gasoline or Petrol
  • Kerosene (as well as varieties of Jet fuel)
  • Diesel
  • Fuel oil or Furnace Oil
  • Lubricating Oil
  • Bitumen (Paraffin Wax, Asphalt, Tar, coke)

Kerosene oil is a thin, clear, bluish color liquid consisting of a mixture of hydrocarbons that are highly combustible and have a boiling temperature of 150 to 270 degree Celsius. Kerosene is primarily derived from crude oil refining, but can also be extracted from coal, oil shale and some special kind of wood. In the aviation industry, kerosene is used as an aviation turbine fuel and has various varieties of jet fuel, i.e., Jet A, Jet A-1 and Jet B.

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