Definition - What does Centrifuge mean?

A Centrifuge is a device that spins at a high speed in a circle putting an object under rotation in a circular motion. It rotates in a circular motion at high speed that causes centrifugal forces to act on the object under rotation. These devices are used to separate drilled out sand or mud from fine silt and drilling fluids.

Petropedia explains Centrifuge

A centrifuge can be used in the oil and gas industry to separate drilling fluids. The following are the three designs of centrifuge available:

  • Industrial centrifuges – These are used in manufacturing and waste processing to sediment suspended solids and separate immiscible liquids.
  • Large and medium-sized centrifuges – These are used to stimulate gravity forces.
  • Gas centrifuges – These are used to separate isotopes so as to enrich nuclear fuel.

We can further classify industrial centrifuges as:

  • Screen Centrifuges
  • Scroll Centrifuges
  • Pusher Centrifuges
  • Peeler Centrifuges
  • Decanter Centrifuges
  • Solid bowl Centrifuges
  • Conical plate Centrifuges
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