Artificial Lift Systems
Definition - What does Artificial Lift Systems mean?
Artificial Lift Systems are systems which increase the flow rate of crude oil either by pumping or injecting gas to lift the oil. If the reservoir pressure becomes insufficient to compensate the production pressure drawn down or if higher production rate is required, then a suitable Artificial Lift System can be installed. Thus, artificial lifting refers to increasing the flow of oil from an oil well by means of an Artificial Lift System.
Petropedia explains Artificial Lift Systems
When oil and gas wells are drilled for commercial production, most of the times the liquid or gas does not flow naturally to the surface leaving nearly all E&P operators reliant on efficient Artificial Lift Systems.
The various types of Artificial Lifts include:
- Sucker rod pumps also known as beam pumps.
- Centrifugal pumps commonly known as Electrical submersible pump (ESP).
- Gas lifting.
- Reciprocating and hydraulic jet pumping units.
- Plunger lifting.
- Progressive cavity pumps (PCP).
- Electrical submersible pump progressive cavity pumps (ESPCP).