Definition - What does Stuffing Box mean?
A Stuffing Box is a seal that is used to prevent fluids and gases from leaking between the turning or sliding parts of the machine elements. A general type of the Stuffing Box is the gland, which is used to shut rotating or reciprocating shafts. The gland is commonly used at the head of a tap where it is packed with a string soaked in grease. The gland nut compresses the packing material and forms a water-tight seal to prevent water leakage if the tap is on.
Petropedia explains Stuffing Box
Stuffing boxes prevent leakage of liquids or gases along a shaft. The boxes form a chamber between the casing and the shaft where sealing media can be installed. These sealants are usually used on boats or steam engines. It is essential to have a stuffing box as steam, water or other fluids can infiltrate the engine or the propeller of the boat.
Most boats have propellers which are submerged underwater, making it easy for the liquid to cause the propeller to malfunction. Once the stuffing ring is tightly attached around the shaft, the propeller is sealed, protecting it from any sort of damage.
In steam engines, a stuffing box is strategically placed within the piston area. The main function of the box in steam engines is to prevent the cylinder steam from leaking into the engine. Steam engines produce large amounts of steam, which can only be prevented with a proper sealant.