Definition - What does Feedstock mean?

Feedstock is a raw material fed into an industrial process for the purpose of generating energy that further allows the industrial processes to function and power up mechanical equipment so that the raw material can be converted into a finished product. For example, crude oil is a feedstock in a refining process which produces gasoline (petroleum). Feedstock is also known as raw material for powering up industrial processes.

Petropedia explains Feedstock

In industrial processes, petroleum products are generally considered as feedstock. For example, naphtha which is one of the petroleum products obtained from distillation of crude oil is considered as feedstock for petrochemical and fertilizer industries. Other feedstock materials that power up any economy are natural gas, diesel, kerosene, etc.

Crude oil is a raw material that provides finished products in fuel, plastic, industrial chemical and pharmaceutical industries. The term raw material is used to denote a material in an unprocessed or minimally processed state, such as raw latex, coal, raw biomass, iron ore, logs, crude oil, air and seawater.

A refinery feedstock is product or a combination of products derived from crude oil and destined for further processing other than blending in the refining industry. It is transformed into one or more components and/or finished products. Normally, crude oil is not used directly as feedstock for the industrial production processes due to the complex nature of the crude oil mixture and the presence of impurities that are corrosive or poisonous to processing catalysts. It is first refined into various petroleum products that are simpler hydrocarbon molecular fractions. The products can be used as fuels, lubricants, or as intermediate feedstock to the petrochemical, fertilizer, automotive, cast iron and many more industries.

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