Definition - What does Environment mean?
Generally, industries contain hazards that can affect the Environment as some of them are toxic to all sorts of life and can cause climatic change. Wastewater, gas, chemical emissions and solid wastes generated during the production and refining of oil and natural gas are pollutants to the Environment. Pollution is the most widespread and dangerous outcome of the oil and gas industry. These environmental effects further results into greenhouse effect, acid rain and ground water contamination contributing to the destruction of ecosystems. Offshore industrial activities like oil loading are also responsible for the emissions of volatile organic compounds.
Petropedia explains Environment
Oil plays a vital role in the society today, as it is a main source of energy used by mankind. Besides being an important source of energy it also contributes to destruction of the Environment. Pollution is the most devastating consequence of all the stages involved in oil and gas production. The production of natural gas and diesel leads to the emission of Carbon Dioxide and other harmful gases linked to acidification, which contribute to the formation of ground-level ozone. Oil industries consume large amounts of water and energy which in turn produces huge amounts of wastewater and releases harmful gases into the atmosphere. This generates solid waste which is difficult to treat and dispose of. Hydrocarbons present under the seabed are detected by operators through the use of high intensity sound which can kill the commercial fish species and the larval fish.