Definition - What does Electrolyte mean?

An Electrolyte is an ion-conducting polymer containing free ions that carry electric current in electrolysis. When dissolved in polar solvents, they produce an electrically conducting solution. After getting dissolved, they are separated into anions and cations and get uniformly scattered throughout the solute.

If an Electrolyte has a high concentration of ions in a solution it is described as concentrated and dilute if the concentration is low.

Petropedia explains Electrolyte

An Electrolyte is a liquid that is known for conducting electric current after getting dissociated into negatively and positively charged ions called cations and anions. These cations and anions move to the negative and positive terminals, i.e., cathode and anode, of an electric circuit. Cations migrate to the terminal having plenty of electrons, and at the same time, the anions start migrating towards the terminal having a deficiency of electrons. The opposite movement of cations and anions in the solution generates current.

Due to these properties of an Electrolyte, it is used in electrolysis to excerpt essential compounds and elements within the solution. An Electrolyte is strong if a high amount of solute gets dispersed to form free ions and weak if a maximum of solute does not dissociate.

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