Definition - What does Distillation mean?

Distillation is a separation technique, where substances are removed from a fluid mixture by the means or evaporation and condensation. The distillation method can either be complete or partial. As a result, the course of the process usually separates component substances from the mixture of the fluids, which also results in the affected volatility of the mixture. Distillation process is used in various commercial industries for different kinds of applications. In petrochemical industry, distillation is an essential process that helps in refining and obtaining usable products from the crude oil. Therefore, oil refinery plants usually have a crude oil distillation unit.

Petropedia explains Distillation

In petroleum industry, an oil refinery is oil processing plant where crude oil is processed using a variety of mediums and techniques to make it usable. Basically a crude oil distillation unit is the primary refining system in petroleum industry that undertakes the distillation process, which is a method of separating components from liquid mixture. The unit distils the crude oil by boiling it to different ranges, which is then sent for further refining processes. A distillation unit is extremely necessary to distil the crude oil, without which the fossil fuel cannot be used made usable.

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