Definition - What does Carbonation mean?

Carbonation is the process in which carbon dioxide is suspended in water because small air bubbles are created at the surface of the water. Carbon dioxide is mixed in the liquid under high pressure in the Carbonation process. Carbonation makes the fluid fizzy or effervescent. When carbon dioxide is dissolved in water, it results in carbonated water and when pressure is released, CO2 separates into gas.

Petropedia explains Carbonation

Carbonation reaction has the following chemical processes by which carbon dioxide is involved:

  • Liquid dissolution known as Fizz or Effervescence
  • Chemical compounds incorporation

In the first process, the carbon dioxide is suspended into the liquid at very high pressure and when this pressure is released, it results in creating fizzyness or effervescence in the solution. Fizzy means that carbon dioxide is released and small bubbles are created.

In the second process, the carbonation reaction is catalyzed by RuBisCO (enzyme). This carbonating enzyme is useful in many industrial processes involved in the oil and gas industry. Carbonated liquid is used in reinforced concrete constructions which can absorb great amount of heat, stresses and mechanical shocks. The equipment used in oil and gas industries is mounted on reinforced concrete blocks.

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