Definition - What does Biomass mean?
Biomass is a biological material extracted from living organisms. The plants-based materials or plants which are not used for feed or food are Biomass used as a resource to make energy. As a source of energy, it can be directly used for producing heat. It can also be used indirectly after it is converted into various types of biofuel. It can be converted into biofuel by using different methods broadly classified into chemical methods, thermal methods and biochemical methods. Wood is considered as the largest source of energy such as yard clippings, forest residues, municipal solid wastes and wood chips.
Petropedia explains Biomass
Biomass is also converted into other essential forms of energy such as transportation fuels or methane gas. Methane gas can be extracted from the rotting garbage and human and agricultural wastes. Transportation fuels are produced from crops liked sugarcane and corns. Leftover animal fats and vegetable oils produce biodiesel. Using Biomass is very beneficial as it has a potential to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions. Its use can also reduce the dependence on the foreign oils, as biofuels are the only renewable transportation fuels available. Biomass can be burned directly or converted into liquid or gaseous fuels which burn more readily to generate electricity.