Definition - What does Zinc Chloride mean?
Zinc Chloride is an acidic salt that is white in color and highly soluble in water. It is odorless and its chemical formula is ZnCl2. Standard Zinc Chloride solution has 10% relative humidity at room temperature and therefore it has to be protected from moisture even in ambient room temperature. This white deliquescent salt can be used in several applications such as in the oil and gas industry, textile industry, fertilizer industry, dry cell battery, etc.
Petropedia explains Zinc Chloride
Zinc Chloride is used in separating oil from water as it is also considered to be an excellent emulsion breaker. Since Zinc Chloride has a high specific gravity and density, it is also used as an effective packer fluid under certain well conditions. A high density solution of Zinc Chloride and calcium chloride is prepared for use in some of the well completions and workover operations and it has been proved to give good performance results.
Zinc Chloride is widely used as a corrosion inhibitor which is mixed in little quantities in oil or gas and acts as a chemical compound in reducing corrosion rate of the material used for handling or storing these hydrocarbons. The benefits of using Zinc Chloride are:
- Increased equipment life.
- The operational safety is improved.
- The integrity of pipelines is maintained.