Raw Crude Oil

Definition - What does Raw Crude Oil mean?

Raw Crude Oil is the unprocessed oil found beneath the earth’s surface. The primary reason for calling it Raw is because it cannot be readily used, i.e., it has to be processed first before any industrial or human use. Raw Crude Oil consists of hydrocarbons and other compounds (organic). The hydrocarbons are of various molecular weights. It can be found as liquid or solid and its color varies from black to clear.

Petropedia explains Raw Crude Oil

The major hydrocarbons in Raw Crude Oil are PAH, Aliphatics and Alicyclic. Oil drilling is done to recover crude oil from the earth's surface. This is done after a systematic study of geological aspects, reservoir characteristics and more. Raw Crude Oil is separated from water, gas, sand, and debris, etc., at crude handling stations and then it is transported to refineries for distillation process. After the distillation process it is converted into more useful fractions for industrial purposes such as kerosene, Butane, gasoline, jet fuel, LPG, fuel oil and diesel fuel.

Below are the various uses of crude oil or its derivatives

  • Residual fuel oil is used as fuel for ships.
  • Diesel fuel is used in engines.
  • Motor oils, greases and light machine oil are used as lubricants.
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