Definition - What does Pipeline Gas mean?
Pipeline Gas is basically natural gas (95% methane) which is obtained from oil or gas reservoirs. The reason for calling natural gas Pipeline Gas is the fact that it is always transported in the pipelines for its consumption in the industries, households, automobile fuel (CNG), Gas power plants, etc. These pipelines are the broad network of Gas Pipelines that run across the states, cities and countries.
Petropedia explains Pipeline Gas
Pipeline Gas can be produced as associated gas from an oil reservoir or as non-associated gas from a gas reservoir. It is a light, highly compressible, inflammable mixture of hydrocarbons with varying quantities of nitrogen, helium, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and water vapor. At standard temperature and pressure conditions, Pipeline Gas exists in gaseous state. The predominant component of pipeline gas is Methane (CH4), generally in the range of 70 to 100%. The pipelines which are used to transport natural gas from one place to another can be classified into three systems:
- Gathering System - These are the set of gas pipelines that carry raw natural gas from the wellhead platform to the natural gas processing plant.
- Interstate System - These are the set of pipelines that carry processed natural gas to the compressor stations where an odorant is added to the gas and transported further till city gate stations.
- Distribution System - These are the set of pipelines that belong to gas marketing organizations. These are the pipeline grids which carry natural gas for its consumption.