Oil And Gas Separator

Definition - What does Oil And Gas Separator mean?

Oil And Gas Separator is a large pressure vessel used to separate well fluids into liquids and gaseous components. The separator is also used in petroleum production to separate the production fluids into gas, oil and water. The separator is capable of separating the three components while working on a principle to unsure that they have different densities. This principle allows the separator to arrange the components with water at the bottom, oil in the middle and gas on the top.

Petropedia explains Oil And Gas Separator

The separator is designed in a manner that it works on a principle to ensure that the components have different densities. With this principle, the liquid leaves the separator at the bottom via a dump-valve or level-control, the gas leaves the separator at the top that passes through a mist extractor and removes all the liquid-droplets.

Separators are categorized based on their operating pressure. High pressure units can handle pressure from around 975 to 1500 psi. Low pressure units are capable of handling pressures from 10 to 180 psi. The separation degree between liquid and gas depends upon the residence time of the fluid, the separator operating pressure and type of flow of the fluids. Lamina flow allows less bubbles to escape as compared to Turbulent flow.

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