Gas Processing Plant
Definition - What does Gas Processing Plant mean?
Gas Processing Plant is a processing plant designed to filter natural gas by isolating impurities and non-methane hydrocarbons. It is used in recovering natural gas liquids including natural gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas and sulfur. Raw natural gas is first collected and processed at the collection point to remove natural gas condensate and free liquid water, and then it is transported to an oil refinery. In the gas processing plant, purification is done so as to remove acidic gases such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide.
Petropedia explains Gas Processing Plant
Natural gas processing is considered to be a complex process. In Gas Processing Plants, major transportation lines are laid down to impose restrictions to the impurities present in the natural gas. However, natural gas liquids can be valuable by-products of natural gas processing. These separated liquids have various uses such as:
- Enhancing oil recovery in oil wells
- Providing raw materials for oil refineries
- Used as sources of energy
Moreover, scrubbers and heaters are installed at the wellhead. These scrubbers primarily remove large particles like sand and heaters to ensure that the temperature does not fall below a certain level.