Aliphatic Compound

Definition - What does Aliphatic Compound mean?

Aliphatic Compound is a compound that contains hydrogen and carbon atoms attached together in branched trains, non-aromatic rings or straight chains. The compound belongs to an organic class where atoms are not linked to create a ring. The compound can be unsaturated like hexene and saturated like hexane. When saturated, it is joined by alkanes (single bonds), and when unsaturated, it is joined by alkenes (double bonds). The Aliphatic Compound is the opposite of the aromatic compound which is composed of atoms in aromatic rings. The compound may also contain other elements other than carbon and hydrogen.

Petropedia explains Aliphatic Compound

Aliphatic Compounds are one of the two types of compounds which contain carbon and hydrogen in organic chemistry, the other being aromatic compounds.

  • Aromatic Compounds: These compounds contain atoms with aromatic rings.
  • Aliphatic Compounds: These are the non-aromatic compounds which do not contain atoms in aromatic rings.

These compounds can be joined by single or double bonds. The non-aromatic compounds with single bonds are called saturated compounds while the compounds with double bonds are known as unsaturated compounds. The compounds can be cyclic or acyclic. These compounds can be found in textiles, dyes, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, rubbers, varnish and paints. Most of the compounds are flammable which allows the use of hydrocarbons such as liquefied natural gas, methane and acetylene as fuel.

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