Definition - What does Downstream Pipeline mean?
Downstream Pipeline is a network of high-pressured large diameter steel pipes which carry petroleum products from Refineries to various demand centers across cities, states and countries. The large network of pipelines is also known as downstream pipeline grid. The Spur pipelines which connect the demand centers with the main trunk line are also part of the Downstream Pipeline grid or network.
Petropedia explains Downstream Pipeline
The oil and gas industry has three streams, i.e., upstream, midstream and downstream. The industry makes use of pipeline networks to transport crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas from one place to another. The pipelines which form part of the upstream side are known as gathering systems or upstream pipelines which carry crude oil from the wellhead to the gathering stations where crude oil is stored and processed for impurities. The pipelines which carry the crude oil from these gathering stations till the Refinery are known as Midstream pipelines. Crude oil is processed at the refineries and converted into various petroleum products. The pipelines which carry these petroleum products to the industries and human use are known downstream pipelines.