Petropedia Staff

Petropedia is a resource for industry newcomers and professionals who want to understand the underpinnings of the energy industry. Our terms and articles cover anything and everything from the technology to the growing innovative products and services side of the petroleum industry. Whether you are an industry professional in the upstream, midstream or downstream area, Petropedia has you covered.

Articles by Petropedia Staff


The Unique Challenges of Coal Bed Methane Production The Unique Challenges of Coal Bed Methane Production The Unique Challenges of Coal Bed Methane Production The Unique Challenges of Coal Bed Methane Production


Coal bed methane is basically natural gas produced from coal beds. Conventionally, natural gas is produced either from gas wells or as...

The Significance of Porosity to Original Hydrocarbon in Place The Significance of Porosity to Original Hydrocarbon in Place The Significance of Porosity to Original Hydrocarbon in Place The Significance of Porosity to Original Hydrocarbon in Place


After a successful hydrocarbon discovery, the decision to complete or not will rest on how commercial the discovery is. To determine this...

The Different Ways of Perforating a Well The Different Ways of Perforating a Well The Different Ways of Perforating a Well The Different Ways of Perforating a Well


Well perforation is a critical aspect of well completions. They provide a path of communication between the reservoir and the wellbore as...

Grasping the Concept of Rock Permeability Grasping the Concept of Rock Permeability Grasping the Concept of Rock Permeability Grasping the Concept of Rock Permeability


In this friendly introduction to the concept of rock permeability, we discover how tiny pores within the rock allow fluids such as oil,...

Three Types of Oil Reservoirs Three Types of Oil Reservoirs Three Types of Oil Reservoirs Three Types of Oil Reservoirs


Understanding the kind of oil reservoir we are dealing with helps us make the best decisions to efficiently produce the hydrocarbons in the...

Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal


After striking oil and/or gas in an exploratory drilling, the field appraisal answers questions including how big the reservoir is and if...

The Truth about the Drilling Break The Truth about the Drilling Break The Truth about the Drilling Break The Truth about the Drilling Break


Every so often, drillers encounter a sudden increase in the rate of penetration. This is referred to as a drilling break. The actions taken...

The Lowdown on Oil and Gas Lease Contracts The Lowdown on Oil and Gas Lease Contracts The Lowdown on Oil and Gas Lease Contracts The Lowdown on Oil and Gas Lease Contracts


Oil and gas lease contracts are the start of any exploration, development or production from any potential oil and gas field. The contract...

How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle


Rocks are constantly being changed from one igneous to sedimentary to metamorphic. The oil and gas industry is most concerned with...

Artificial Lift: When is it Needed? Artificial Lift: When is it Needed? Artificial Lift: When is it Needed? Artificial Lift: When is it Needed?


No matter how much initial energy the reservoir has, there will come a point where the reservoir pressure drops to where the well dies....

Seismic Mapping: Technology that has Changed Oil Production Surveys Seismic Mapping: Technology that has Changed Oil Production Surveys Seismic Mapping: Technology that has Changed Oil Production Surveys Seismic Mapping: Technology that has Changed Oil Production Surveys


When it comes to mapping the physical properties of both the onshore and offshore sub-surface formations, the uncertainties and...

Dry Hole Explained in 6 Common Questions and Answers Dry Hole Explained in 6 Common Questions and Answers Dry Hole Explained in 6 Common Questions and Answers Dry Hole Explained in 6 Common Questions and Answers


A dry hole is a term used to refer to any well that does not contain oil or natural gas in quantities sufficient enough to pay for the cost...

The Numerous Functions of the Drilling Fluid The Numerous Functions of the Drilling Fluid The Numerous Functions of the Drilling Fluid The Numerous Functions of the Drilling Fluid


The drilling fluid faces a risk of contamination each time it embarks on its journey downhole. All these tend to change the properties of...

Understanding Reservoir Drive Mechanisms Understanding Reservoir Drive Mechanisms Understanding Reservoir Drive Mechanisms Understanding Reservoir Drive Mechanisms


Any method of recovery must recognize the rock and fluid properties and available drive mechanisms present in the reservoir. As we search...

Coiled Tubing: The Ultimate Solution Coiled Tubing: The Ultimate Solution Coiled Tubing: The Ultimate Solution Coiled Tubing: The Ultimate Solution


Coiled tubing, a continuous length of small diameter steel pipe with a diameter of about 0.75 to 4.5 inches, is coiled or spun in a reel...

Oil well hydraulic fracturing fracking rig in a field. Oil well hydraulic fracturing fracking rig in a field. Oil well hydraulic fracturing fracking rig in a field. Oil well hydraulic fracturing fracking rig in a field.


Fracking is projected as a menace despite proving its worth as an excellent drilling technique to increase shale production. In this...

The Significance of Biogenic and Thermogenic Gases in the Energy Space The Significance of Biogenic and Thermogenic Gases in the Energy Space The Significance of Biogenic and Thermogenic Gases in the Energy Space The Significance of Biogenic and Thermogenic Gases in the Energy Space


Thermogenic gases are part of the conventional gases and have major role in meeting the energy needs of the world.

Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities


Government regulations are stringent on well spacing, as the key objective of well spacing is to achieve maximum individual well...

Sweet vs. Sour Crude - Production and Processing Sweet vs. Sour Crude - Production and Processing Sweet vs. Sour Crude - Production and Processing Sweet vs. Sour Crude - Production and Processing


Crude characteristics play an important role in refining operations. They decide the type of refinery configurations required for...

Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold


Oil sands are a potential source of hydrocarbon based products such as heavy crude oil, heavy bituminous base oil, etc. Oil sands are a...

The Challenges of Shipping and Distributing Liquefied Natural Gas The Challenges of Shipping and Distributing Liquefied Natural Gas The Challenges of Shipping and Distributing Liquefied Natural Gas The Challenges of Shipping and Distributing Liquefied Natural Gas


LNG is a liquid form of natural gas. It is converted into liquid form by cooling it below minus 163 degrees Celsius. It is a green fuel as...

FCCU: A Real Value Add To Refineries FCCU: A Real Value Add To Refineries FCCU: A Real Value Add To Refineries FCCU: A Real Value Add To Refineries


FCCU is the resultant technological upgrade from the basic catalytic process that was first developed during the 1920s. This process was...

All You Need To Know About Tight Gas All You Need To Know About Tight Gas All You Need To Know About Tight Gas All You Need To Know About Tight Gas


Tight gas refers to natural gas reservoirs embedded in extremely impermeable hard rock, making the underground formation extremely tight....

picture of refinery oil gas flare picture of refinery oil gas flare picture of refinery oil gas flare picture of refinery oil gas flare


Without a flare, refineries do not exist. It helps to burn off unwanted gases and hydrocarbons generated in the refining process. This...

Cyber Security Practices in the Oil and Gas Industry Cyber Security Practices in the Oil and Gas Industry Cyber Security Practices in the Oil and Gas Industry Cyber Security Practices in the Oil and Gas Industry


The oil and gas industry is facing complex challenges on various fronts. Cyber security is a key concern in the oil and gas industry.

Earth Matters in Oil and Gas Earth Matters in Oil and Gas Earth Matters in Oil and Gas Earth Matters in Oil and Gas


The earth is the source of oil reserves. A deep understanding of the earth and its formations are needed to assess the presence of...

Coal Seam Gas: An Unconventional Alternative? Coal Seam Gas: An Unconventional Alternative? Coal Seam Gas: An Unconventional Alternative? Coal Seam Gas: An Unconventional Alternative?


Coal seam gas (CSG), also known as coal bed methane (CBM), coal mine methane (CMM) or coal bed gas, is an unconventional form of natural...

Gas Hydrates: Untapped Fossil Energy Gas Hydrates: Untapped Fossil Energy Gas Hydrates: Untapped Fossil Energy Gas Hydrates: Untapped Fossil Energy


This article discusses the emerging alternate source of energy called gas hydrates, which are composed of water and methane. The...

Pipelines: Lifelines of the Oil & Gas Industry Pipelines: Lifelines of the Oil & Gas Industry Pipelines: Lifelines of the Oil & Gas Industry Pipelines: Lifelines of the Oil & Gas Industry


Pipelines play a key role in the transportation of petroleum products across continents in a more efficient and economical way. They are a...

How Big Data is Transforming the Oil & Gas Industry How Big Data is Transforming the Oil & Gas Industry How Big Data is Transforming the Oil & Gas Industry How Big Data is Transforming the Oil & Gas Industry


Large volumes of data from different areas of operations of the oil & gas industry are generated. They reveal significant insight in the...

Steering Smart Operations through Digital Oil Field Steering Smart Operations through Digital Oil Field Steering Smart Operations through Digital Oil Field Steering Smart Operations through Digital Oil Field


The oil and gas industry is moving to fully digitalized business operations for ensuring sustained and optimized production. Digital...

Macros of Oil & Gas Trading Macros of Oil & Gas Trading Macros of Oil & Gas Trading Macros of Oil & Gas Trading


There are fundamental and unique tenets that make oil and gas trading a distinctive line of business when compared to trading in other...

Mobile Tools: A Disruptive Technology for Oil & Gas Operations Mobile Tools: A Disruptive Technology for Oil & Gas Operations Mobile Tools: A Disruptive Technology for Oil & Gas Operations Mobile Tools: A Disruptive Technology for Oil & Gas Operations


All major oil & gas organizations have embraced mobile technology, though initially some had apprehension about it from a safety and...

The Bunkering of Marine Oil Tankers The Bunkering of Marine Oil Tankers The Bunkering of Marine Oil Tankers The Bunkering of Marine Oil Tankers


Marine liners play a major role in moving petroleum products across the globe in an economical and efficient manner. Massive tanker vessels...

Oil & Gas Retailing Secondary Distribution Processes Oil & Gas Retailing Secondary Distribution Processes Oil & Gas Retailing Secondary Distribution Processes Oil & Gas Retailing Secondary Distribution Processes


Oil and gas retail outlets are actual touch point for consumer interaction. Managing retail operations requires effective systems and...

Asset Integrity Management Key for Smart Operations Asset Integrity Management Key for Smart Operations Asset Integrity Management Key for Smart Operations Asset Integrity Management Key for Smart Operations


Ensuring asset integrity is an extremely important function in upstream operations. It forms an integral part of the overall enterprise...

Is Shale Gas Losing Its Sheen? Is Shale Gas Losing Its Sheen? Is Shale Gas Losing Its Sheen? Is Shale Gas Losing Its Sheen?


Shale extraction is more expensive than conventional oil and gas exploration due to the complex technology involved. This article deals...

Mobile Offshore Production Units vs. Floating Production Storage and Offloading Units: What's the Difference? Mobile Offshore Production Units vs. Floating Production Storage and Offloading Units: What's the Difference? Mobile Offshore Production Units vs. Floating Production Storage and Offloading Units: What's the Difference? Mobile Offshore Production Units vs. Floating Production Storage and Offloading Units: What's the Difference?


Upstream offshore operations deploy complex oil rigs in different configurations depending on the nature of the oil field and type of...

Upstream, Midstream, Downstream: A Look at the Petroleum Industry Upstream, Midstream, Downstream: A Look at the Petroleum Industry Upstream, Midstream, Downstream: A Look at the Petroleum Industry Upstream, Midstream, Downstream: A Look at the Petroleum Industry


The petroleum industry is broadly classified into three sectors - upstream, midstream and downstream. This article looks at each of these...