Term of the Day

Hydrofluoric Acid

Hydrofluoric Acid is a highly poisonous and dangerous acid which is a mixture of hydrogen fluoride in water. It is colorless, extremely corrosive and can dissolve many materials such as oxides when they (Read on)

Past Terms: Casing ValveRotary SealsBackpressure

Biogenic and Thermogenic Gases - How Significant They Are In The Energy Space

Thermogenic gases are part of the conventional gases and have major role in meeting the energy needs of the world.
Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities

Government regulations are stringent on well spacing, as the key objective of well spacing is to achieve maximum individual well productivity. This article discusses the challenges and factors that go into well spacing decisions.
Sweet Vs Sour Crude - Production and Processing

Crude characteristics play an important role in refining operations. They decide the type of refinery configurations required for processing, investment outlay, operating economics, etc. In this article, we discuss the types of crude available.
Oil Sands An emerging Black Gold

Oil sands, a bituminous mixture are a potential source of hydrocarbon base products such as heavy crude oil, heavy bituminous base oil, etc. Oil sands are a mix of bitumen, water and other solids such as silica sands.
The Challenges Of Shipping and Distributing Liquefied Natural Gas

LNG is a liquid form of natural gas. It is converted into liquid form by cooling it below minus 163 degrees Celsius. It is a green fuel of our generation as it helps to protect our environment due to lower emissions.
All You Need To Know About Tight Gas

Tight gas refers to natural gas reservoirs embedded in extremely impermeable, hard rock, making the underground formation extremely tight. It is also trapped in sandstone or limestone formations that are unusually nonporous, also known as tight sand.
FCCU: A Real Value Add To Refineries

FCCU is the resultant technological upgrade from the basic catalytic process which was first developed during 1920s by Eugene Houdry for upgrade of residue. This process was commercialized later in the 1930s and it was based on cyclic fixed bed.
Cyber Security Practices in The Oil and Gas Industry

The oil and gas industry is facing complex challenges on various fronts from depleting reserves and falling prices to information and data management systems. Other challenges include environmental, health and safety concerns and geopolitical pressures.
Flare Management for Efficient Operations

Flares act as relief devices when a production plant faces an emergency situation and there is a need to quickly dispose of the excess product in order to avoid a possible catastrophic situation like an explosion.
Earth Matters in Oil and Gas

The earth is the source of oil reserves. Deep understanding of earth and its formations are needed to assess the presence of hydrocarbon reserves. This article provides basic information and a good starting point in understanding relevant aspects of ea
Coal Seam Gas An Unconventional Alternative?

With the depleting conventional oil and gas reserves in the world on one hand and increasing guzzling energy needs on the other, the energy industry is constantly looking out for unconventional gas sources.
Gas Hydrates: Untapped Fossil Energy

As an alternate fuel, gas hydrates promise to be an environmental friendly fuel which can help in achieving green energy proposition. They key composition in gas hydrates is methane which is the cleanest fuel as it releases minimum residues.
Pipelines: Lifelines of the Oil & Gas Industry

Pipelines play a key role in the transportation of petroleum products across continents in a more efficient and economical way. They are a vital link in the transportation value chain and they help in adding value to the products.
Is Big Data Transforming The Oil & Gas Industry?

While the oil & gas industry is known for handling voluminous data akin to its nature of operations, what has changed in recent times is the advancement in handling the data.
Macros of Oil & Gas Trading

The inspiration for trading of a product is essentially determined by demand supply situation of that product. There has to be an interest in sourcing the product and equally there has to be a will to sell the product for a gain.
Steering Smart Operations Through Digital Oil Field

DOF is a capability framework that Oil & Gas organizations strive to acquire whereby they are able to manage business critical production assets in real time to maximize their efficiency and production.
Mobility A disruptive technology in Oil & Gas Operations

All major Oil & Gas organizations have embraced mobile technology though initially some had apprehension about it from safety and security perspective. Today one can find mobility applications being used in the entire value chain of the oil industry.
Bunkering Powering Marine Liners

Before we get into details of the standard operating procedure relating to bunkering, let us briefly see what are the different types of vessels available in the market that are used for fuel transportation across globe.
Oil & Gas Retailing  Secondary Distribution Processes

Retailing & Marketing are key links in the Oil & Gas supply chain process that aims at reaching oil products to individual consumers in an efficient way.
Refinery Configurations: Changing Dynamics

Refineries are classified into four key categories: Topping, Hydroskimming, Conversion and Deep conversion refineries.
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A Borehole, also known as a wellbore is a well that is drilled in the earth's surface in order to extract crude oil and natural gas. A borehole is not a complete Read more

Deepwater Drilling is the process of drilling oil wells in offshore locations, i.e., in seas or oceans up to a depth of 150 meters. It is sometimes also referred to Read more

Inclination, also known as well inclination is the angle of the deviation of a wellbore from the vertical path. For most vertical wellbores, inclination is the only Read more

Flue Gas is a byproduct of combustion, normally vented through long pipes known as flues, which exhaust gases from fireplaces, ovens, furnaces, boilers or steam Read more

Paraffin, also known as kerosene is a viscous petroleum product obtained from the distillation of crude oil in oil refineries. Crude oil that contains high amount Read more

Convolution is a mathematical equation of two functions that correspond to well testing and geophysics. One function is a process of linear or invariant filtering, Read more

Calcium Carbonate is a chemical compound that is found in various types of rocks and soils in the form of minerals such as calcite or aragonite. It is one of the Read more

Underpressure is a situation whereby the formation pressure is less than the corresponding fluid hydrostatic pressure at a given depth in a rock formation. Oil and Read more

Regression Coefficient is the numerical or constant quantity in a regression equation which attempts to model the relationship between two or more variables and a Read more

Maturation is the process of a source rock being able to generate oil or gas by converting organic matter to hydrocarbons when subjected to appropriate pressure and Read more

Porous is a term that is used to describe a rock that has void spaces or small holes between rock grains that are not compacted together. The void spaces may Read more

A Wiper Seal is an axial seal that is installed on the external side of a cylinder head to prevent fluid contaminants and dirt particles from entering the Read more

A Guiding Tape is a device that is used to guide the piston and rod into a cylinder. The device prevents contact between moving parts and reduces wear and tear Read more

Formic acid, systematically known as methanoic acid is a simple form of carboxylic acid with the chemical formula HCOOH. It is environmentally friendly and formed Read more

Osmotic Pressure is the minimum amount of pressure that is applied on a solution to stop the inward flow of a liquid such as water across a semipermeable membrane. Read more

A Formation is a set or deposit of rocks with distinctive features of homogenous lithology which are or were once horizontally continuous. The rocks are composed Read more

Backpressure is the pressure that is exerted by a fluid flowing within a confined space. In any producing well, backpressure is exerted by hydrocarbons due to an Read more

Rotary Seals are devices that prevent leakage of lubricants and ingress of dirt, dust particles, mud and water in components that have oscillating or rotary parts. Read more

Hydrogen Sulfide is a flammable, poisonous and colorless gas with the chemical formula H2S. It is toxic at extremely low concentrations and is heavier than air. Read more

Wear Rings, also known as guide rings are circular rings that keep the piston centered and provide bearing function between metallic components during piston Read more
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