Term of the Day

Hot Water Flooding

Hot Water Flooding, also known as hot water injection is a technique of increasing crude oil production from a producing well by injecting hot water into the reservoir. The hot water is injected through (Read on)

Past Terms: HydrocrackingHigh-Pressure Squeeze CementingHigh Gas-Oil Ratio

The Challenges Of Shipping and Distributing Liquefied Natural Gas

LNG is a liquid form of natural gas. It is converted into liquid form by cooling it below minus 163 degrees Celsius. It is a green fuel of our generation as it helps to protect our environment due to lower emissions.
All You Need To Know About Tight Gas

Tight gas refers to natural gas reservoirs embedded in extremely impermeable, hard rock, making the underground formation extremely tight. It is also trapped in sandstone or limestone formations that are unusually nonporous, also known as tight sand.
FCCU: A Real Value Add To Refineries

FCCU is the resultant technological upgrade from the basic catalytic process which was first developed during 1920s by Eugene Houdry for upgrade of residue. This process was commercialized later in the 1930s and it was based on cyclic fixed bed.
Cyber Security Practices in The Oil and Gas Industry

The oil and gas industry is facing complex challenges on various fronts from depleting reserves and falling prices to information and data management systems. Other challenges include environmental, health and safety concerns and geopolitical pressures.
Flare Management for Efficient Operations

Flares act as relief devices when a production plant faces an emergency situation and there is a need to quickly dispose of the excess product in order to avoid a possible catastrophic situation like an explosion.
Coal Seam Gas An Unconventional Alternative?

With the depleting conventional oil and gas reserves in the world on one hand and increasing guzzling energy needs on the other, the energy industry is constantly looking out for unconventional gas sources.
Gas Hydrates: Untapped Fossil Energy

As an alternate fuel, gas hydrates promise to be an environmental friendly fuel which can help in achieving green energy proposition. They key composition in gas hydrates is methane which is the cleanest fuel as it releases minimum residues.
Pipelines: Lifelines of the Oil & Gas Industry

Pipelines play a key role in the transportation of petroleum products across continents in a more efficient and economical way. They are a vital link in the transportation value chain and they help in adding value to the products.
Is Big Data Transforming The Oil & Gas Industry?

While the oil & gas industry is known for handling voluminous data akin to its nature of operations, what has changed in recent times is the advancement in handling the data.
Macros of Oil & Gas Trading

The inspiration for trading of a product is essentially determined by demand supply situation of that product. There has to be an interest in sourcing the product and equally there has to be a will to sell the product for a gain.
Steering Smart Operations Through Digital Oil Field

DOF is a capability framework that Oil & Gas organizations strive to acquire whereby they are able to manage business critical production assets in real time to maximize their efficiency and production.
Mobility A disruptive technology in Oil & Gas Operations

All major Oil & Gas organizations have embraced mobile technology though initially some had apprehension about it from safety and security perspective. Today one can find mobility applications being used in the entire value chain of the oil industry.
Bunkering Powering Marine Liners

Before we get into details of the standard operating procedure relating to bunkering, let us briefly see what are the different types of vessels available in the market that are used for fuel transportation across globe.
Oil & Gas Retailing  Secondary Distribution Processes

Retailing & Marketing are key links in the Oil & Gas supply chain process that aims at reaching oil products to individual consumers in an efficient way.
Refinery Configurations: Changing Dynamics

Refineries are classified into four key categories: Topping, Hydroskimming, Conversion and Deep conversion refineries.
Asset Integrity Management Key for Smart Operations

Why is it important to identify integrity-critical equipment?
Is Shale Gas Losing Its Sheen?

Conventional gas reservoirs are created when natural gas migrates toward the earth's surface from an organic-rich source formation into a highly permeable reservoir rock, where it is trapped by an overlying layer of impermeable rock.
Mobile Offshore Production Units vs. Floating Production Storage and Offloading Units: What's the Difference?

Drilling is broadly classified into two categories namely onshore and offshore drilling.
Upstream, Midstream, Downstream: A Look at the Petroleum Industry

With oil accounting for close to 10% of the total world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the industry is crucial for the functioning of world economy.
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A Shortwave Radiation is a radiant energy that is in the form of light energy received on earth. The wavelength of shortwave radiations falls between the spectrum Read more

A Relative Error is an experimental error in approximation or experimental testing and analysis methods. In order to understand and find relative error, absolute Read more

Downstream Oil and gas is a sector in the oil and gas industry that pertains to the distribution and marketing of refined petroleum products and processed natural Read more

Hydrogen sulphide cracking is a type atom cracking process that helps in breaking down hydrogen atoms from sulphur atoms in aqueous hydrogen sulphide, which is Read more

Hydraulic Workover is a well workover process which helps in the repair of both onshore and offshore wells. It involves halting the production on a producing well Read more

Hydraulic Hammer Effect is an intense sudden pressure surge experienced by hydraulically working equipment. The hammer effect is also known as water hammer and Read more

A Development Area is an area that has enough potential to produce hydrocarbons on a commercial basis. It is a part of the oil and gas exploration and production Read more

Horizontal Permeability is the ability of a reservoir rock to allow fluids to flow through its pores in a reservoir bed. It indicates the flow capacity of formation Read more

High Gas-Oil Ratio is a large ratio of the amount of gas to crude oil produced when hydrocarbons are being extracted from a reservoir. This is generally related to Read more

High-Pressure Squeeze Cementing, also referred to as remedial cementing is a technique of repairing void spaces, fractures, or micro cracks that occur over time in Read more

Arctic Submersible Rig is a nautical vessel that is used in the arctic region and regions where ice is formed on top of water. The vessel is floated to a mobile Read more

An atom is the smallest constituent of a material which is considered to be a building block of it. Many atoms combine together to form a molecule which in turn Read more

A Hydraulic Snubber is a device that is used to hold or grip the drill string when it is inserted into a wellbore. The primary function of the device is to restrain Read more

Hydraulic coupling, also known as fluid coupling is a mechanism which helps in transferring the rotational force from one axis to another axis. The axis can be Read more

Hydrocracking is a catalytic chemical process used in petroleum refineries to break complex hydrocarbon molecules into simpler molecules of gasoline or kerosene, by Read more

Hot Water Flooding, also known as hot water injection is a technique of increasing crude oil production from a producing well by injecting hot water into the Read more

A High-Pressure Pipeline is a type of pipeline that is used to transport crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas across countries or within states at very Read more

Hot Oil Treatment is the process of heating heavy and viscous crude oil with the help of hot oilers. Heavy crude oil has an API gravity of less than 22 degrees, is Read more

Hydrocarbons are organic compounds that are made up of carbon and hydrogen atoms only. They can be in the gaseous or liquid form. Gaseous hydrocarbons are lighter Read more

A High-Pressure Distribution System is a network of high pressure pipelines which transport petroleum products and natural gas to the consumers, i.e., within a Read more
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