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Refinery Configurations: Changing Dynamics


Refineries are classified into four key categories: topping, hydroskimming, conversion and deep conversion refineries.

Seismic Mapping: Technology that has Changed Oil Production Surveys


When it comes to mapping the physical properties of both the onshore and offshore sub-surface formations, the uncertainties and possibilities are endless. Different...

The Significance of Porosity to Original Hydrocarbon in Place


After a successful hydrocarbon discovery, the decision to complete or not will rest on how commercial the discovery is. To determine this hydrocarbon potential, the...

The Truth about the Drilling Break


Every so often, drillers encounter a sudden increase in the rate of penetration. This is referred to as a drilling break. The actions taken by the driller at this time...

The Unique Challenges of Coal Bed Methane Production


Coal bed methane is basically natural gas produced from coal beds. Conventionally, natural gas is produced either from gas wells or as associated gas from oil wells....

The Challenges of Shipping and Distributing Liquefied Natural Gas


LNG is a liquid form of natural gas. It is converted into liquid form by cooling it below minus 163 degrees Celsius. It is a green fuel as it helps to protect our...

Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold


Oil sands are a potential source of hydrocarbon based products such as heavy crude oil, heavy bituminous base oil, etc. Oil sands are a mix of bitumen, water and other...

Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities


Government regulations are stringent on well spacing, as the key objective of well spacing is to achieve maximum individual well productivity. This article discusses the...

Dry Hole Explained in 6 Common Questions and Answers


A dry hole is a term used to refer to any well that does not contain oil or natural gas in quantities sufficient enough to pay for the cost of drilling the well in the...

The Numerous Functions of the Drilling Fluid


The drilling fluid faces a risk of contamination each time it embarks on its journey downhole. All these tend to change the properties of the drilling fluid.

How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle


Rocks are constantly being changed from one igneous to sedimentary to metamorphic. The oil and gas industry is most concerned with sedimentary rocks because hydrocarbons...

Grasping the Concept of Rock Permeability


In this friendly introduction to the concept of rock permeability, we discover how tiny pores within the rock allow fluids such as oil, water, and natural has to pass...

The Different Ways of Perforating a Well


Well perforation is a critical aspect of well completions. They provide a path of communication between the reservoir and the wellbore as the trapped hydrocarbons will...

Oil well hydraulic fracturing fracking rig in a field.


Fracking is projected as a menace despite proving its worth as an excellent drilling technique to increase shale production. In this article we discuss the positives of...

Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal


After striking oil and/or gas in an exploratory drilling, the field appraisal answers questions including how big the reservoir is and if the hydrocarbons trapped in...