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The Unique Challenges of Coal Bed Methane Production


IntroductionCoal bed methane is basically natural gas produced from coal beds. Conventionally, natural gas is produced from either gas wells or as associated gas with...

Steps to a Successful Field Appraisal


Introduction:In the past, wildcat wells used to be largely unsuccessful with so many dry holes drilled. Current technology has greatly reduced the uncertainty with...

Three Types of Oil Reservoirs


IntroductionThere are different types of hydrocarbon fluids that can be found in a reservoir. Understanding the characteristics of these different fluid types will help...

Artificial lift: When is it needed?


A well is said to be dead when it stops flowing. A well can die even when it still contains hydrocarbons in commercial quantities. Artificial lift are man-made...

How Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Are Formed: The Rock Cycle


What are Rocks? To understand what rocks are, let’s break it down to basics. Atoms make up elements, elements make up minerals and minerals make up rocks. Atoms are the...

The lowdown on Oil and Gas Lease Contracts


IntroductionWhen a land is suspected to contain hydrocarbons, international oil companies (IOCs) who have interest in this area of land will have to enter into an...

The Truth about the Drilling Break


What is a drilling break?Another name for a drilling break is a drilling jump. When drilling any well, the rate of penetration tells the driller just how fast or how...

Seismic mapping: Technology that has changed the oil production mapping


Surveying is one of the most important stages in the production of hydrocarbons from the reserves. Some of the physical ways that are used to carry out the mapping of...

The Numerous Functions of the Drilling Fluid


How the Circulation System Works Modern drilling is based on rotary rig system. One important aspect of the rotary rig system is the fluid circulation system. Drilling...

Dry Hole Explained


What is a dry hole? Every oil or gas well is drilled for the purpose of producing hydrocarbons (oil, natural gas or both). A dry hole is a term used to refer to any well...

Coiled Tubing: The Ultimate Solution


Coiled tubing, a continuous length of small diameter steel pipe with a diameter of about 0.75 to 4.5 inches, is coiled or spun in a reel continuously from one end to the...

Unlocking Unconventional Energy Potential Through Hydraulic Fracturing


Fracking is projected as a menace despite proving its worth as an excellent drilling technique to increase shale production. In this article we discuss the positives of...

Well Spacing - Challenges and Opportunities


Government regulations are stringent on well spacing, as the key objective of well spacing is to achieve maximum individual well productivity. This article discusses the...

Sweet Vs Sour Crude - Production and Processing


Crude characteristics play an important role in refining operations. They decide the type of refinery configurations required for processing, investment outlay,...

Oil Sands An emerging Black Gold


Oil sands, a bituminous mixture are a potential source of hydrocarbon base products such as heavy crude oil, heavy bituminous base oil, etc. Oil sands are a mix of...